Home 5 National Insurance 5 Class 2 and 4 NIC for the self-employed

Class 2 and 4 NIC for the self-employed

24 August 2023

There are two types of National Insurance contributions (NICs) payable by most self-employed people. These are known as Class 2 NICs and Class 4 NICs. Class 2 NICs are paid by all self-employed taxpayers unless they earn under the Small Profits

There are two types of National Insurance contributions (NICs) payable by most self-employed people. These are known as Class 2 NICs and Class 4 NICs.

Class 2 NICs are paid by all self-employed taxpayers unless they earn under the Small Profits Threshold (SPT), currently £6,725, which remove the necessity to pay NICs. Class 2 NICs are currently payable at a flat weekly rate of £3.45 for the 2023-24 tax year and count towards payments such as the basic State Pension, the employment and support allowance, maternity allowance and bereavement benefits.

In addition, most self-employed people are also required to pay Class 4 NICs. The self-employed are required to pay Class 4 NICs (as well as to Class 2 NICs) if their profits are £12,570 or more a year. Class 4 NIC rates for the tax year 2023-24 are 9% for chargeable profits between £12,570 and £50,270 plus 2% on any profits over £50,270.

There is also a specific list of jobs where class 2 NICs are not payable. These are:

  • examiners, moderators, invigilators and people who set exam questions;
  • people who run businesses involving land or property;
  • ministers of religion who do not receive a salary or stipend; and
  • people who make investments for themselves or others – but not as a business and without getting a fee or commission.

If you fall within any of these categories, it may be beneficial to get a State Pension forecast and examine whether to make voluntary Class 2 NICs to make up missing years.

For more information, click here.

Source: HM Revenue & Customs Tue, 22 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0100

You may also like these

Here are some more articles that might interest you

Expert Advice

If you’d like more information on anything you’ve read, we’re here and happy to help